The Relativity of Time In Quran

Today, the relativity of time is a proven scientific fact. This was revealed by Einstein’s theory of relativity in the early years of the 20th century. Until then, people did not know that time was a relative concept, and that it could change according to the environment. Yet, the great scientist Albert Einstein openly proved this fact with the theory of relativity. He showed that time is dependent on mass and velocity.

Time Is Relative

00-TimeThe conclusion to which we are led by the findings of modern Science is that time is not an absolute fact, as supposed by materialists, but only a relative perception. What is more interesting is that this fact, undiscovered by Science until the 20th century CE, was imparted to mankind in the Quran fourteen centuries ago. There are various references in the Quran to the relativity of time.

Some verses of holy Quran about the subject read:

Quran (22-47)

And (oh Muhammad) they demand of you to hasten the suffering

Allah will not fail His promise; a day with lord is thousand years of your counting

Quran (22:47)

Quran (32-5) 

He governs

All that exists in earth and heavens

He decides all affairs from the heavens toTTThen these [affairs] to Him shall be returning

 In a day, the length of which is a thousand years of your reckoning

Quran (32:5)

Quran (70-4) 

The angels and the Spirit ascend unto Him in a Day with measure

 (Equivalent to worldly) fifty thousand year

Quran (70:4)

Time is A Psychological Perception

When Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) U.S. winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics was asked to elaborate his theory of Relativity in simple words, he stated , “When a man sits with a pretty girl for an hour, it seems like a minute. But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute – and it’s longer than any hour. That’s relativity.”

Time-4It is possible to see the scientifically-proven fact that time is a psychological perception dependent on events, setting, and conditions in many verses of the Quran. For instance, the entire life of a person is a very short time as informed by the Quran. Allaah Says:

Quran (17- 52)

On the day when He will call you, and you will answer praising Him

You will think that you have tarried (on earth) for a short term

Quran (17: 52)


Allaah also Says (meaning): “

And on the day when He shall gather (to them it shall appear)

As if they had tarried (on earth) no longer than an hour of a day, knowing one another


Lost indeed will be those who considered a lie, to Allah’s encounter

And thus failed to find the way proper

Quran (10:45)

Time-3In some verses, it is indicated that people perceive time differently and that sometimes people can perceive a very short period of time as a very lengthy one. The following conversation of people held during their judgment in the Hereafter, is a good example of the saying of Allah (which means):


He shall say, “how long have you tarried on the earth by number of years” (112)

They will say, “We have spent a day or a part of it, ask those counting who are ” (113)


He will say, “You have spent there but a short duration

Had you but known


 Quran (23:112-114)

The situation told in the below verse is also evidence that time is in truth a psychological perception. Allaah Says (what means):

Or such as he, who passed by a town

That had all its roofs fallen down


And said, “How could Allah, bring them back to life, after they are dead

Thereby Allah caused him to be dead, for years hundred


Then brought him back to life; asking, “How long have you remained so?”

He answered, “For a day, or a part of the day, I have remained so!”


Said (Allah), “No! But you have remained so for a hundred years

Look at you food and drink; it is untouched by the passing of years


And look at you ass; (We did it) All

To make you an example, for the people


And look at the bones (of the ass), how We gather them

And then with flesh, We cover them


So to him, when it was made clear

He said, “I know, over everything, Allah has the power”

Quran (2: 259)

The above verse clearly emphasises that Allaah Who created time is unbound by it. Man, on the other hand, is bound by time that is ordained by Allaah. As in the verse, man is even incapable of knowing how long he stayed in his sleep. In such a state, to assert that time is absolute (just like the materialists do in their distorted mentality), would be very unreasonable. 

The fact that the relativity of time is so clearly mentioned in the Qur’an, which started to be revealed in 610, is another evidence that it is a holy book, bestowed to humanity by the Almighty Allah.

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Retired as Aeronautical Engineer, and worked as a journalist for a long time. Settled down to dedicate myself to the service of the religion. Have translated holy Quran in poetry, and I am in the process of writing Tafsir. I encourage all interested to send articles to this website, where the articles shall be printed with their own names. If you like an article, please "Like' in the "Facebook box" on right side

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