Jabal Hira, also called Jabal-Noor is the place where Prophethood was bestowed upon the greatest man on this earth , at tahajjud time during the night of power in the month of Ramdan. It was a message, that changed the fate of the world. To-day, more than a billion people prostrate in obedience of that message.
Why The Visits To Jabal Hira The main picture above shows Jabal Hira (the mountain of Hira), which lies about two miles from the Ka’bah. Near the top is a small cave, a little less than 4 meters in length and a little more than one and a half meters in width. It was here that the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) received the first revelations of the Holy Quran during the month of Ramadhan in 610 CE. The mountain is also known as Jabal Noor (the Mountain of Light). Although the Arabs had a concept of God as such, yet they kept idols and worshipped them. Muhammad (pbuh), however, refrained from idol worship. Some years after his marriage to Khadijah(may Allah be pleased with her), and when he was thirty-two or thirty-three years old, he would travel to the cave of Hira, near Mecca. There he would spend hours in meditation and praying to the one and only Allah. He would go to the cave of Hira and meditate there in solitude for a number of days and nights. He would take provisions with him to stay for an extended period, and when he returned to Khadija (may Allah be pleased with her), he would stock up again and go back to the cave. This was his practice until he was forty years of age, and Truth was revealed to him by an angel while he was in the cave of Hira..
During Tahajjud time one night, when he was alone in the cave, there came to him an angel in the form of a man. The angel said to him, “Iqra (Recite)!”. “I cannot read”, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) replied. The angel pressed him against his body with a force, and asked him again to say “Iqra” , “I cannot read” was again the reply of the holy man. The angel took hold of him a second time and pressed him until he could not endure it any longer. After letting him go, the angel again said, “Iqra!”. Again the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) replied “I cannot read”. The angel further embraced him again until he had reached the limit of endurance and said “Iqra!” for the third time the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said “I cannot read”. The angel released him and said:
This was the first day of his Prophethood and these were the first verses of the Quran revealed to him. He recited these words after the angel, who thereupon left him; and he said; “It was as though the words were written on my heart.”
He was very alarmed by the experience and feared that he had become possessed. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) fled from the cave, and when he was halfway down the slope of the mountain he heard a voice above him saying: “O Muhammad, thou art the Messenger of God, and I am Jibraeel (Gabriel)”. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) stood gazing at the angel; then he turned away from him, but whichever way he looked the angel was always there on the horizon, whether it was to the north, east, south or west. Finally the angel turned away. According to one tradition, the Prophet (saw) said, “I saw Jibreel in the fashion that he was originally created in. He had 600 wings. Each wing filling the (entire) horizon. (The east to the west – as far as the eye could see).” This event was mentioned in the Qur’an, “And indeed he (Muhammad – saw) saw him (Jibreel – as) in the clear horizon (to the east).” – Takweer 81:23
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) was terrified and his heart was pounding hard. He returned home to Khadija (may Allah be pleased with her) and said, “Cover me!”. Khadija (may Allah be pleased with her) covered him and helped him calm down. The Quran tells us that the first revelation descended in Ramadan on the ‘Night of Power’.
On Khadija’s inquiry, he told her about this experience which had filled him with fear. Upon hearing this, Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her) his close companion who knew him as nobody else knew him and from whom he could not conceal anything, consoled him. She attested to the truth of the message in these words: “Joyful tidings do you bring. By Him in Whose hand is the soul of Khadijah, I will henceforth regard you as the Prophet. Allah will not suffer you to be dejected. Have you not been affectionate to your kinsfolk, kind to your neighbours, charitable to the poor, hospitable to the stranger, faithful to your word and ever a defender of truth?”
Words Of A Biblical Scholar
Lady Khadijah then took Muhammad (pbuh) to her cousin Warqa bin Naufal, who was a scholar and knew the biblical lore. She related to Naufal what had happened. Warqa assured Muhammad that it was the same type of Divine message as was revealed to Moses. He said: “The mantle of prophethood is being put on your shoulders. Your preaching will invite opposition and a day will come when your people will turn you out of this city, for this has been the lot of prophets before you.” After this, Muhammad (pbuh) continued to visit the cave of Hira.
After some time the revelations started coming again, at which time Muhammad (Pbuh) was enjoined to go and preach and make people believe that “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His Prophet.” (Allah is the proper name applied to the Being Who exists necessarily by Himself, comprising all the attributes of perfection.)