The great Muslim Sufi, mystic, saint and scholar was on death bed, and he made a bequest that his Namaz-e-Janaza (funeral prayer) be led by a person with holier than thou defined given islamic qualities. His bequest was announced three times on his funeral prayer, and amongst a multitude of pious people, none came forward to lead the funeral prayer, the one who came forward was a known pious but a surprise for everyone.
Hazrat Khwaja Sayyid Muhammad Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (Urdu: حضرت خواجہ سیّد محمد قطب الدین بختیار کاکی) (born 1173-died 1235) was a renowned Muslim Sufi mystic, saint and scholar of the Chishti Order from Delhi, India. He was the disciple and the spiritual successor of Moinuddin Chishti as head of the Chishti order and the person to whom the Qutab Minar, Delhi is dedicated. Before him the Chishti order in India was confined to Ajmer and Nagaur. He played a major role in establishing the order securely in Delhi.
Hadhrat Khwajah Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (RA), who was the khalifah of Hadhrat Khwajah Mu’inuddin Chisti (RA), had just passed away. He had made a bequest that his Janazah namaz should be performed by that person who had the following qualifications:
1. “My Janazah namaz should be led by that person who was has been with wudhu all the time.
2. “My Janazah namaz should be led by that person who has never missed the takbire-tahrimah.
3. “My Janazah namaz should be led by that person who has never missed the sunnat namaz that is read before the Asr namaz.
4. “My Janazah namaz should be led by that person who has never involved himself in nazare-bid. (That is, he has never cast lustful glances at gairmahrams.).”
Hadhrat Khwajah Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (RA), who was the khalifah of Hadhrat Khwajah Mu’inuddin Chisti (RA), had just passed away, he made a bequest that his Namaz-e-Janaza (funeral prayer) be led by a person with holier than thou defined given islamic qualities
After having made these four bequests, he passed away. Having made the mayyat ready, it was now time for the Janazah namaz. The trustee, to whom the bequests were made, came forward and announced the bequests made by Hadhrat Khwajah Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (RA). Nobody stepped forward, even though his khulafa’ were present. It is a different matter that the status of the khulafa’ may be higher but, it could be possible that, before becoming “khulafa’, these qualities were not in them.
The announcement was made three times in a loud voice. It was the era of Sultan Shamshuddin Altamash (RA). To everybody’s surprise, he himself, the king, stepped forward. He said, “Alhamdulillah, shukran-lillah, I am such a person. I am stating this purely because we have been told to express our gratitude for our blessings – ‘wa amma bi-ne’mati fa-haddith.’”
Who was this – a poor person or a king? He was a king! Father of the famous ruler Razia Sultana. King Shamsuddin Altamash (1167 – 1235 AD) He ruled the subcontinent for 25 years. He was a pious man who would spend all night in prayers and surveying the condition of destitute.Imagine the good character a king must have. Also, he had these four qualities, that he was with wudhu all the time, that he had never missed making namaz with takbiretahrimah, that he had never missed performing the four rakats sunnats before the Asr namaz and he had not been guilty of nazare-bid. This is even more remarkable taking into account that there must have been laundis in the palace and he had to carry out all the duties of a sultan. Despite being a king, he was a faqir.
What do we see over here? Despite being a faqir, takabbur (arrogance) has not been eliminated. Whereas, over there, despite being a king, he had an extreme sense of awe and humility. He did not gaze with contempt at anybody and he did not look at himself as being king.
Built over 800 years ago, the Qutab Minar has withstood the test of time and the vagaries of fate. Still standing tall, it invites you to come admire its graceful lines and staggering height, as well as the many monuments in the complex surrounding. The Qutub Minar is dedicated to Hadhrat Khwajah Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (RA), The Qutab Minar was once the defining landmark of Delhi, and still draws thousands of visitors yearly. His most famous disciple and spiritual successor was Fariduddin Ganjshakar, who in turn became the spiritual master of Delhi’s noted Sufi saint, Nizamuddin Auliya, who himself was the spiritual master of Amir Khusrau and Nasiruddin Chirag-e-Delhi