Rightly Observing The Holy Ramdan

Ramdan is the blessed month when Muslims fast to please Allah, and to please Allah, we have to know how to rightly observe the  holy Ramdan, by fully understanding the rules of Ramdan. It is the month in which holy Quran was bestowed to humanity, and is the month where one specific night’s worship is equivalent to the worship of more than a thousand months.  

To Fast during the blessed month of Ramadan is the 3rd obligation of Islam. Whoever denies this obligation doesn’t remain a Muslim. He who fails to fulfill this obligation is a grave sinner.

To Fast during the blessed month of Ramadan is the 3rd obligation of Islam. Whoever denies this obligation doesn’t remain a Muslim. He who fails to fulfill this obligation is a grave sinner.
Holy Prophet said: “Whoever fasts during the month of Ramadan, with full faith in Allah Ta’ala and expectation of reward, all his past (minor) sins will be forgiven. (Sahih Bukhari; Hadith 38)


The Niyyah (Intention) of Fasting

Niyyah refers to the intention of the heart. Verbal utterance is not a condition.
Intention is a condition for the fast. If one doesn’t make intention of fasting but abstains from eating and drinking, then too his fast will not be accepted.

It is better to make intention for the fast of Ramadan from the night before i.e. before subh sadiq and if not then at least one and a half hour before zawal (midday) with the condition that one abstained from eating and drinking during that day.

Factors That Invalidate The Fast:

1.) To apply medication to the nose or ears.

2.) To intentionally vomit mouth full.

3.) When water accidentally goes down the throat whilst gargling.

4.) To ejaculate because of contact with a woman.

5.) To swallow items that are not normally eaten, like a stick or a piece of iron.

6.) To intentionally inhale the smoke of incense. Cigarettes and hukkah etc. follow the same.

7.) After eating or drinking forgetfully, one assumes his fast is broken and thereby continues to eat intentionally.

8.) Eating after subh sadiq with the impression of it being before subh sadiq.

9.) To make iftar before sunset with the impression of it being after sunset.

*note: The above factors invalidate the fast and make Qadha Wajib. However, Kaffarah is not necessary.

10.) If one intentionally has intercourse with one’s wife, eats or drinks intentionally, the fast breaks and Qadha as well as Kaffarah become Wajib (mandatory).


Fig-6: Fasting was mandatory for other nations also

***Kaffarah means: to free a slave. If this is not possible, then to fast 60 consecutive days. If one fast is missed in between the entire 60 have to be recommenced. If one is unable to observe these fasts then one should feed 2 meals to 60 needy people. Nowadays Shari’i (lawful) slaves have become scarce, therefore the last two options would apply.

*** Qadha Fasting: If one has missed days of fasting during the month of Ramadan last year, then it is a religious recommendation to make up those fasts before the upcoming month of Ramadan.

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah reports that Rasulullah said: He who misses one fast of Ramadan with no valid excuse, will not be able to compensate for it even if he fasts for an entire lifetime. (Sahih ibn Khuzaimah; vol:3, pg 238)

Factors That Neither Nullify The Fast Nor Do They Render It Makruh:

1.) To use a Miswaak.

2.) To apply oil to the moustache.

3.) To apply medication to the eyes.

4.) Inhaling of any fragrance.

5.) To have a bath due to severe heat or thirst.

6.) To take any type of injection.

7.) To eat or drink forgetfully.

8.) When smoke, dust or any insect enters the mouth unintentionally.

9.) When water enters the ears.


Fig-1: Ramzan Kareem is a blessed Month

10.) Vomiting involuntarily.

11.) Experiencing a wet dream.

12.) When blood comes out from the gums but does not enter the throat. This will do no harm to the fast.

13.) If a person was in need of a compulsory ghusl (bath) due to intercourse or a wet dream, and was unable to have a ghusl before subh sadiq and in this condition he makes the intention, no harm would be caused to this fast.

The 3 Mustahab (Preferable) Acts Of Fasting:

1.) To partake of Sehri.
2.) To do so during the last portion of the night.
3.) To make iftar as soon as the time sets in.

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Retired as Aeronautical Engineer, and worked as a journalist for a long time. Settled down to dedicate myself to the service of the religion. Have translated holy Quran in poetry, and I am in the process of writing Tafsir. I encourage all interested to send articles to this website, where the articles shall be printed with their own names. If you like an article, please "Like' in the "Facebook box" on right side

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