Laylatul Qadr is the night, which is the most blessed and excellent of all nights. A prayer during this night is superior to the prayer of a thousand months. The destiny for the year is decided on this night. The exact date of this night is unknown, but occurs on one of the last ten odd nights of Ramadan (21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th, or 29th). According to Islamic tradition, Muslims who stay awake on this holy night worshipping God will have all their sins forgiven. Furthermore, they will be granted as many good deeds as though they had worshipped continuously for one thousand months (83.3 years).
A prayer during this night is superior to the prayer of a thousand months.
Laylat al-Qadr (also known as Shab-e-Qadr,), variously rendered in English as the Night of Destiny, Night of Power, Night of Value, the Night of Decree, distinguished night or Night of Measures.
It is the anniversary of two very important dates in Islam that occurred in the month of Ramadan. Laylatul Qadr is a blessed night because the Almighty brings down during it goodness, bliss, and forgiveness for His servants. It is a feast which has come with a message that shows one the way to achieve happiness in both the worlds.
Laylatul Qadr is a feast for the spirit, a feast of worship and prayers. It is also the anniversary of the night Muslims believe the first verses of the Quran were revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Some Muslims believe that Laylat al-Qadr is to be the night when the Quran was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad from Allah Almighty. Some but not all Muslims believe that revelation of the Quran occurred in two phases, with the first phase being the revelation in its entirety on Laylat al-Qadr to the angel Gabriel (Jibril in Arabic) in the lowest heaven, and then the subsequent verse-by-verse revelation to Prophet Muhammad by Angel Gabriel, across 23 years. The revelation started in 610 CE at the Hira cave on Mount Nur in Mecca.
The first Sura that was revealed was Sura Al-Alaq (in Arabic) .During the first revelation the first five verses of this Sura(96-1 to 5), chapter, were revealed, which are as follows:-
Quranic chapter(97-1 to 5) states:
The verses above regard the Night as better than one thousand months. The whole month of Ramadan is a period of spiritual training wherein believers devote much of their time to fasting, praying, reciting the Quran, remembering God, and giving charity. However because of the revealed importance of this night, Muslims strive [give more effort] harder in the last ten days of Ramadan since the Laylat al-Qadr could be one of the odd-numbered days in these last ten (the first, third, fifth, seventh or ninth).
Normally, some Muslims from each community perform iʿtikāf in the mosque: they remain in the mosque for the last ten days of the month for prayers and recitation.Women too observe i’tikaf . They remain in prayer and meditation mostly, although they are allowed to stay inside their houses and are allowed do the minimum domestic work to run the family .When Prophet Muhammed observed i’tikaf in a tent, he saw a few tents around, his wives joined him by pitching tents.
Allah also says about this powerful night in Surah Dukhan (smoke, mist): Ha. Mim. By the book that makes things clear. We sent it down during a blessed night. For We (ever) wish to warn (against evil). In that (night) is made distinct every affair of wisdom, by command, from Our Presence. For We (ever) send (revelations), as a mercy from Thy Lord: for He hears and knows (all things). (44:1-6)